Other Products

Crimson Clover

Uses and Benefits

Crimson clover is generally regarded as the most cold-tolerant of the annual clovers. As one of the few legume cover crop species that can often overwinter in the Midwest and Northeast after a fall planting, it can, therefore, generate significant amounts of nitrogen before being terminated in the spring. Crimson clover is quick to establish and mixes well with other species. It works well for erosion control and is high quality forage. Crimson clover is one of the most affordable annual legume species to establish.

Adaptation Zone

With its excellent cold tolerance, crimson clover can be successfully growth from the Gulf Coast to the upper Midwest and Northeast and throughout much of the West.

Planting Instructions

Plant crimson clover 1/4-inch deep at the same time cool-season grasses are planted. In the northern areas, crimson clover can be spring planted. Plant 15 lbs/acre for a pure stand.

 

Austrian Winter Peas

Uses and Benefits

Austrian winter peas is a fairly cold-tolerant legume species that can be used for nitrogen fixation, erosion control, weed suppression, forage and to build organic content. It generally mixes well with other species. When fall planted, and if allowed to reach a later maturity in spring, it can become quite aggressive with viney runners.

Adaptation Zone

Austrian winter peas can overwinter throughout the southern half of the country and can often survive winter in the lower Midwest. Stands in the upper Midwest and parts of the Northeast can often winterkill or suffer major stand damage.

Planting Instructions

Austrian winter peas can be planted at 1/2-inch deep at 30 lbs/acre for a pure stand. Pure stands used for forage can benefit fro seeding rates of 40-50 lbs/acre. Fall plant when cool-season grasses are planted. In the northern tier of the U.S., Austrian winter peas can be spring planted.

 

KB Royal Annual Ryegrass

Uses and Benefits

Annual ryegrass is one of the most versatile and beneficial cover crop species. It is excellent at breaking soil compaction to 48 inches, weed suppression, nutrient recycling, soybean cyst nematode eradication, building organic content, and providing high-quality forage. KB Royal is an improved cold-tolerant product. Annual ryegrass mixes will with other species or can be planted in a pure stand.

Adaptation Zone

KB Royal can overwinter from the Deep South to the I-80 corridor. It can be planted north of I-80, providing great benefits, but it often winterkills at that latitude. 

Planting Instructions

Plant annual ryegrass at 1/2-inch deep. For pure cover crop stands, plant 20 lbs/acre. For pure stands that will also be used forage, plant 30 lbs/acre. Plant when cool-season grasses are traditionally planted. In the northern areas of the U.S. and in Canada, KY Royal can be spring planted.

NOTE: Many growers have the perception that annual ryegrass can be hard to terminate and that it can become an invasive weed in their cash crops. Annual ryegrass has developed some glyphosate resistance in areas of the South due to incorrect herbicide applications. Oregon-grown annual ryegrass has not developed glyphosate resistance anymore than other cool-season grasses. For ryegrass chemical burn down instructions, CLICK HERE.